The final part of a three-year or master’s thesis is characterized by a specific section, called conclusion. In this article we will see in detail how to write a complete, accurate and precise conclusion of your research work.
How is a tense conclusion structured?
The purpose of the conclusion of a thesis is to answer the initial questions of your study. You can start by taking up the latter, trying to integrate an explanation that serves as an introduction to the entire section.
Next, we illustrate the thesis conclusions derived from your research (use the most relevant key results to answer your questions).
Finally, answer the central question of your paper and explain how you came to this conclusion of your thesis. Don’t limit yourself to writing a list of questions and answers, try rather to explain them and integrate them in the rest of the text. Provide facts-based observations and don’t let yourself go to possible interpretations.
As far as tenses are concerned, in the thesis conclusion the present is used when exposing the facts and the past (most recent past) when referring to the research carried out.
The recommended length for the conclusion of the thesis is between 200 and 400 words. Pay attention to these tips:
Does your research aim to evaluate a hypothesis instead of answering very specific questions? Indicates whether this hypothesis has been supported or not.
Do not provide new information in the conclusion. Any new information must be indicated in the previous chapters.
In the conclusion do not give examples, you should have already entered them previously. If, for example, you conclude by stating that the financial crisis has negatively affected bank revenues, you should not include the example of “XYZ bank which had 20% less revenue in 2009 than in 2007”.
Interpretation of results
This section demonstrates the validity of your study, discussing the results and indicating whether or not it met your expectations. It is important that this step be carried out clearly and in detail.
Expectations may arise from in-depth studies on the subject or from personal considerations. In any case, it is necessary to draw the reins of the arguments explained in the first chapters (introduction, motivation, theoretical framework and questions or hypotheses).
Have your findings led to new or different viewpoints on an already known topic? Here you can work out all the possibilities: what exactly did your thesis show? Try to explain these passages from an objective point of view.
Limitations of your study
In the thesis conclusion it is important to also present the limitations of your research. Describe what observations based on the results can be made, always keeping a consultative tone.
If some considerations can be made in the margins of the research or you have come across some limitations during the writing, they can help the reader to better understand the results obtained. Notional in the thesis conclusion, but explains how these factors can be improved in subsequent studies.
Be careful not to denigrate the entire research project; you don’t have to provide a list of the mistakes made.
Recommendations for future studies
The conclusion of the thesis often ends with suggestions and recommendations for possible future studies. How can other researchers exploit and use your studio? Never fall into something generalized, such as “there is still a lot of research to be done in the field”.
Don’t provide a list of what others should look for to complete your study; rather express suggestions for possible future studies, separate but in response to yours.